Health Disparities and Social Determinants of Health
What Are Health Disparities?
What are social determinants of health, social risk factors, and social needs?
1) Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)
Mortality, Morbidity, Life Expectancy, Health Care Expenditures, Health Status, Functional Limitations
2) Social Risk Factors:
3) Social Needs:
Why SDOH, Social Risk Factors and Social Needs are Important to Health Disparities and Health Equity.
Without addressing these “social” factors, health disparities will continue to persist. Health care does not exist in a vacuum. Differences in the overall health of individuals and communities are influenced by many factors outside of our health system walls, including SDOH, social risk factors, and social needs, and thus differences in overall health or burdens of disease cannot be improved by only addressing the quality or quantity of health care individuals receive.
Graphic source: https://www.barhii.org/barhii-framework
What you can do
Learn about the factors that inﬂuence patients’ health outside of health system walls.
Help connect patients to people who can provide resources to help with social needs, including social workers, care managers and clinical resource coordinators.
Advocate for and support equitable economic and social policies and systems and development agendas.